First Issues - Ardath Cigarette Cards 1939

Page 2


 

17 Typewritten Stamps
UGANDA
18 The Missing Virgin
VIRGIN ISLANDS
19 Music and Honeymoon
AUSTRIA
When it was decided to institute a postal service in Uganda in 1895, it was difficult to provide postage stamps, as no printing machines were available. A missionary, the Rev. E. Millar, proud owner of the only typewriter in the country, came to the rescue by typing the stamps on his machine until 1896, when printing became possible. The values on the typewritten stamps were expressed in cowrie-shells, the local "money." In 1898 Uganda was provided with a series of stamps printed in England; one of these is reproduced. View shows Mount Ruwenzori in Uganda, which is 16,800 feet in height . Many Virgin Islands stamps have had as their central feature a female figure, in some issues believed to be St. Ursula and in others the Virgin Mary. A 1/- stamp issued 1867-68 was printed in two operations, the general design being crimson, with the figure of the Virgin in black in an uncoloured central space representing a blaze of light. On one or more sheets the black printing was omitted, so that stamps exist without the Virgin, and are priced at about £150. Our picture shows a view in the Virgin 1slands, which form part of the Leeward 1slands group of the British West Indies. A very interesting stamp was issued in connection with the International Philatelic Exhibition held in Vienna in 1933. Austrian stamp designers and engravers are famed for their skilful work and, in reproducing "The Honeymoon," a picture by M. von Schwind, they gave of their best. The scene, which shows the young bride and bridegroom setting off on their honeymoon joumey in an old-time carriage, complete with postilion, is charming in itself, but the final touch is provided by the insertion below the picture of the actual music of a coach-horn call. The view on the right shows a scene in the Austrian Tyrol.
     
20 A European Rarity
BADEN
21 A Queen and her Children
BELGIUM
22 Not For Sunday Delivery
BELGIUM
A mistake made in 1851, but undiscovered for 42 years - that is the story of the 9 kreuzer error of Baden. The 1851 issue of this German state comprised four denominations, each printed in black on paper of a different colour, the 6 kr. on green, the 9 kr. on rose. In 1893 the 9 kr. on green paper was shown to a leading expert and later two more specimens were found on old family letters, thus proving the authenticity of the error, now valued at about £3,000. The picture shows the view from the castle at Baden-Baden, the famous spa in the Black Forest. In 1935 everyone was moved at the death of beautiful Queen Astrid of Belgium in a motor accident, and collectors rushed to buy the mourning stamp with which Belgium commemorated her death, and the charity stamps which helped to raise large sums to fight tuberculosis in the country she loved. When, earlier in the same year, another very popular series was issued, which showed the Belgian Royal children, no one thought that within a very few months those children would be motherless. There are many "stamps of tragedy" but few with more poignant memories than these. Postmen do not like to work unnecessarily on Sundays, yet there are urgent letters which must be carried. How are these to be identified? In 1893 someone in Belgium had a brain-wave. Why not incorporate with each stamp a detachable label instructing the post office not to deliver on Sunday? Only the people whose letters were urgent would trouble to remove the label, and the work of the postmen would be greatly reduced . The sch eme was put into operation and must have proved satisfactory, for every Belgian stamp had its Sunday label until the Great War. We show example! of the 1905-09 series of King Leopold II and 1913-14 series of King Albert I.
     
23 "Stepping-stone" Stamps
BERGEDORF
24 Tragedy which Started a World War
BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA
25 A Stamp which Nearly Caused a War
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
In th e early days of postage stamps there seems to have been an idea in some quarters that the size of a stamp should vary in proportion to its face value . Thus the first British ½d stamp was half the size of the ld one, while the £5 stamp was larger than any of the others. Some ½d. stamps of South Australia and Victoria were also "half-size ." The German city of Bergedorf, which issued a series of five stamps in 1861, arranged them in graduated sizes, though these were not exactly proportionate to the face values of the stamps (See also Card No. 48). A June afternoon in 1914; the heir to the Austrian throne and his wife are passing through the streets of Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia. Shots ring out - they fall back dying - and the signal for the world war has been given. Three unimpressive stamps were issued in 1917 to commemorate this event, which changed the course of history. One (illustrated on right of picture) portrays the Archduke Francis Ferdinand; on another he is seen with his wife, while the third shows the proposed memorial church at Sarajevo. The stamp on the left (1910 issue) shows the picturesque Bey's Mosque at Sarajevo. The island which Columbus discovered on his first voyage (and which he named Hispaniola) is now divided between the two Republics of Haiti and Dominica, which have been often at loggerheads. One cause of trouble was the issue by the Dominican Republic in 1900 of a stamp series which showed a map of the island, with the boundary between the two states revised very much to the disadvantage of Haiti. It was not until 1929 that stamps including a revised map in their design were issued to commemorate the end of the long argument (left of picture ). The view shows a scene in Haiti.
     
26 A "Millionaire" Stamp
GERMANY
27 A Mistake Corrected
GREECE
28 A "Missionary" Rarity
HAWAII
A stamp with record face value, worth to-day only a few pence! The rapid fall of the German mark during 1922 and 1923 made it almost impossible for the printers to change the stamps quickly enough to keep pace with rising postal rates, and it was not unusual to see a letter attached to a sheet of stamps instead of a stamp affixed to a letter! The high-water mark was reached towards the end of 1923 with the issue of a stamp of the astronomical face value of fifty thousand million marks. The view shows the Brandenburg Gate, Berlin, erected in 1790. The difficulty experienced by foreigners in understanding our English titles is proverbial. A good example will be found on one of the Greek stamps, issued in 1927 to commemorate the centenary of the Battle of Navarino (see picture), in which an Allied fleet nearly destroyed the Turkish and Egyptian navies in an engagement which started by accident. Three of the Greek stamps bore portraits of the Allied commanders, but the British Admiral, Sir Edward Codrington, was described on his stamp as "Sir Codrington," a mistake which was quickly corrected in a second edition. The stamp showing the mistake is not rare. The earliest stamps of the Hawaiian Islands have long been known to stamp collectors as "Missionaries ," as most of the known copies were on letters from missionaries working in the islands. Stamps of the value of 2, 5 and 13 cents were issued in October, 1851, the simple type-set design being printed at the Government Printing Office with the limited material available. Undamaged "Missionaries" are almost unknown; the 2 cent would fetch about £4,000 to-day. The view shows one of the Hawaiian Islands.
     
29 A Royal "Black-out"
IRAN
30 Stranqe Stamp Materials
LATVIA
31 A Topsy-Turvy Elephant
LIBERIA
If revolution brings a sudden change of ruler, the new President or King will not wish the portrait of his predecessor to remain on the stamps. Usually the offending portrait is blocked out by an "overprint," such as the coat of arms with which Salvador in 1895 and Serbia in 1903 hid the features of a deposed President and a murdered King respectively; but when the Shah of Persia (now Iran} was deposed in 1924, postal officials were ordered to black out his likeness completely, which they did with ink or burnt cork! We show specimens before and after obliteration . Perhaps the strangest material ever used for printing postage stamps was employed in Latvia at the close of the Great War, when ordinary watermarked paper was scarce. The ebb of war had left in the country a. quantity of German staff maps, and on the backs of these the first stamp of the new state were printed - curious material for the purpose, but not easily counterfeited. In 1920, bank notes left behind by the Russians after an invasion were also used for stamp printing, but stamps printed on wall-paper and jam-jar labels were unofficial, and were only made to tickle the palates of stamp collectors. When stamps are printed in two colours, the paper has to go twice through the press and, if on the second occasion it makes the journey wrong-end-first, one part of the design will be upside-down in relation to the other. A classic example is the United States stamp with an inverted aeroplane, but even quainter effects are produced when the centre of the stamp shows an animal upsidedown, such as the elephant on this wrongly-printed stamp issued in 1892 by the Republic of Liberia. The view shows a scene in Liberia.
     
 
32 The Tragedy of an Emperor
MEXICO
33 "Back-to-Front" Stamps
NICARAGUA
 
Stamps of Mexico issued in 1866 (one of which is reproduced) recall the tragedy of the ill-fated Emperor Maximilian, whose likeness they bear. An Austrian prince , well-meaning, but not ambitious, Maximilian was forced on the Mexicans as their Emperor by the European powers and then left unsupported on his precarious throne. His wife, Charlotte of Belgium lost her reason, and Maximilian was betrayed while on the point oi fleeing from Mexico, and was court-martialled and executed on June 19th, 1867. Benito Juárez, the Mexican responsible for his downfall, is portrayed on the stamps of 18/U , It is not always easy for an impoverished state to find money for new postage stamps, and in times of shortage such countries often print new values on stamps of which they have a surplus, to replace denominations which are lacking. Up to 1911 Nicaragua had had four years of shortage, and the only stamps available were railway stamps which had already been converted into revenue stamps by overprinting the fronts. As another inscription was required to turn them into postage stamps, this had to be put on the back of the stamps (shown on left), which then had to be stuck face-downwards on letters.  

Thanks to Acrobat OCR for the word scan.


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